Domain Name Servers

Domain Name Servers also known as DNS are essential server services that inform domain requests where your hosting servers may be found. This controls your email as well your website hosting location.

Domain Name Servers (DNS) are a crucial component of the internet's infrastructure. They function like a phonebook for the internet by translating human-friendly domain names into IP addresses that computers use to identify each other on the network. Here's a detailed explanation of their role and function:

Function of Domain Name Servers:

  1. Translation of Domain Names to IP Addresses: When you type a website address, like, into your browser, your computer doesn't inherently know where is. DNS servers take that domain name and translate it into an IP address like which computers can understand.

  2. Routing Internet Traffic: This translation process allows your internet request to find the right server among millions on the internet. Essentially, DNS servers guide your internet request to the correct destination.

  3. Managing Domain Names: DNS servers are organized in a hierarchical order. At the top are root DNS servers. Below them are Top-Level Domain (TLD) servers for .com, .net, .org, etc., and below these are authoritative DNS servers for specific domains.

  4. Ensuring Human-Friendly Internet Navigation: Without DNS servers, we would need to remember IP addresses for each website we want to visit, which is not practical given the vastness of the web.

  5. Load Balancing and Redundancy: DNS can direct traffic to multiple servers if a website is hosted across several servers, enhancing load balancing and reducing the risk of overloading a single server.

  6. Handling Email Routing: DNS is also used to route emails to the correct mail servers using MX (Mail Exchange) records.

How DNS Works:

  1. Query Initiation: When you enter a domain name in your browser, a DNS query is initiated.
  2. Recursive Resolver: Your computer first contacts a recursive DNS server, typically provided by your ISP (Internet Service Provider).
  3. Root Name Server: The recursive resolver contacts a root name server (.com, .net, .org, etc.).
  4. TLD Name Server: The root server directs the query to a TLD server specific to the domain extension (like .com).
  5. Authoritative Name Server: The TLD server then points to the domain's authoritative name server.
  6. IP Address Retrieval: The authoritative server holds the IP address for the domain name and sends it back through the chain to your computer.
  7. Website Access: Your browser can now request the website content from the web server using the IP address.


  • User-Friendly Internet: DNS is vital for making the internet user-friendly and accessible.
  • Crucial for Internet Functionality: Without DNS, the internet as we know it, with easy navigation and quick content access, wouldn't function efficiently.
  • Security: DNS servers also play a role in internet security. They can be configured to block unsafe or undesirable websites.

In summary, Domain Name Servers are a fundamental part of how the internet works, translating domain names into IP addresses, thereby making it possible for users to find and access websites easily.

We use - Advantages of Cloudflare DNS offers a range of services related to website performance and security, and its Domain Name System (DNS) service is particularly notable for several advantages:

  1. Speed: Cloudflare is known for having one of the fastest DNS lookup speeds globally. Fast DNS resolution means that there's less delay between a user typing in a web address and the website beginning to load, enhancing the overall user experience.

  2. Security: Cloudflare provides robust security features for DNS. It protects against Distributed Denial-of-Service (DDoS) attacks, which are attempts to make an online service unavailable by overwhelming it with traffic from multiple sources. Cloudflare's DNS service can help mitigate these attacks, ensuring that websites remain accessible.

  3. Reliability: Cloudflare's DNS service is highly reliable due to its vast global network. This extensive network ensures redundancy; if one server is down, others can take over, ensuring consistent website availability.

  4. Privacy-Focused: Cloudflare places a strong emphasis on user privacy. It has committed to never logging IP addresses and purges logs within 24 hours by default. Cloudflare's DNS service was specifically created with user privacy in mind.

  5. Anycast Network: Cloudflare uses Anycast routing for its DNS servers. This means that a single IP address is used across multiple servers. When a user makes a request, it is routed to the nearest server location, reducing latency.

  6. Easy to Implement: Switching to Cloudflare's DNS service is straightforward and doesn’t require much technical expertise. This makes it accessible for a wide range of users, from individual bloggers to large corporations.

  7. Free and Paid Options: Cloudflare offers a free tier for its DNS service, making it an accessible option for small businesses or personal websites. There are also more advanced paid options for larger businesses with greater needs for customization and support.

  8. Improved Performance: By reducing DNS lookup times and providing content caching at the edge, Cloudflare can enhance the overall performance of a website, leading to quicker load times and a better user experience.

  9. Analytics: Cloudflare provides analytics about DNS queries, which can be valuable for understanding traffic patterns and potential security threats.

  10. DNSSEC Support: Cloudflare supports DNSSEC (Domain Name System Security Extensions) which adds an extra layer of security by ensuring that the responses to DNS queries are authentic and have not been tampered with.

  11. Wide Range of Services: Beyond just DNS, Cloudflare offers a suite of additional services like CDN (Content Delivery Network), web optimization, and security services, allowing users to manage several key web services under one platform.

In conclusion, Cloudflare's DNS service stands out for its speed, security, reliability, and user-friendly approach, making it a popular choice for individuals and businesses looking to enhance their online presence.

DNS is such a mission critical service

ITM uses a reputable service provider - Cloudflare is a Cloud-based DNS service provider that improves your site speed and security. We also as a rule separate the DNS from the Registrar, and allows us to swing domains very quickly whenever it is required. This allows you to host your website and email with 2 different service providers.

Please follow the link to contact us or Get a Quote for more information on using Domain Name Servers for your business.